Engineers are people

As much as we’d like to pretend otherwise, engineers are people, and need to be treated as such.

Engineering culture

I think too often, engineers assume that soft people skills can be ignored, that we are all adults, that we can take care of ourselves. We have macho, “The Right Stuff” attitudes about our work. We believe we should suck it up and get the work done, regardless of outside concerns. We’re told to do what it takes, act professionally, and so on.

Let’s face it, lots of us went into engineering because we’re more comfortable with things than with people. If our favorite thing to do was to sit around talking about people’s feelings, we’d have become psychologists, not programmers.

But no matter how much we’d like to be immune to human frailty and illogic, we are still just people. No matter how much we wish our employees and co-workers could just do their work and leave us alone to write code, they are just people. We all have lives beyond the company walls, and those lives don’t always go smoothly. We all have psychological needs that are subtle but important. As much as we’d all love to be able to suck it up, be the hero, pull off the miracle, etc, we can’t. That doesn’t mean we are failures, and it doesn’t mean we don’t care about the team, the product, the company, whatever. It just means we have whole lives, and all of the parts have to be attended to.

Pretending that none of this is true won’t make it so.


Our professional culture teaches us to bleach our emotions out of our daily dealings with each other. We are valued for keeping things to ourselves, and discouraged from being emotional. But remember: we are only people. People are emotional.

We are asked to devote ourselves to our jobs, to give it everything we’ve got. How can our emotions not enter into it? We can’t give something “everything we’ve got” and remain impassive at the same time. Trying to suppress these emotional issues will usually only result in delaying their expression. Emotions will come out somewhere, and squashing them in one place will only force their more powerful expression someplace else.

A co-worker was once writing up a list of organizational issues to present to management, and had a section entitled “Gripes”. She asked me if I could think of a better word, in the interests of professionalism. I said “Gripes” was the perfect title for the section, and that we shouldn’t try to shellac it over with a more professional but less expressive term.

There’s nothing wrong with emotions. In fact, talking about whether there is something wrong with them or not is missing the point entirely: emotions are unavoidable. Where there are people, there are emotions. I think emotions in the workplace are frowned upon because too often they are only noticed once they become a problem. If they are accommodated as an everyday normal occurrence, maybe people wouldn’t mind them so much.

Emotions are like hunger

Imagine workers weren’t allowed to eat lunch or snack during the day, and hunger was considered a weakness that should be suppressed. Hunger would become a huge issue. Tensions would grow, and tempers would flare. Workers would constantly be struggling with their shameful hunger. The workplace would be a mess.

Now put “emotions” in place of “hunger”, and you understand the modern workplace.

Workplaces allow for employee’s hunger, and provide outlets for it. They understand that hunger is a natural occurrence, and it can’t be helped. Would everyone get more done if they didn’t get hungry? Yes. Everyone could skip lunch, and no one would have to pay for snacks. The company kitchen could be filled with cubicles, and everything would be better all around.

Of course, this is ridiculous. No one but a Dickensian foreman would try to implement such a scheme. Hunger is natural, and it can’t be helped. Everyone gets hungry, so what’s the big deal? That’s where we need to get to in our understanding of emotions.

Emotions are trickier than hunger, I won’t pretend that they can be handled as simply as munching on some pretzels. But they won’t go away just like hunger won’t go away. Pretending they don’t exist under the banner of “professionalism” is just sticking our heads in the sand.

Emotions are not typical engineering

It’s hard for engineers to deal with emotions in a work setting. Emotions aren’t logical. They can’t be planned, scheduled, predicted, or debugged. You can’t go buy a reference manual, or look them up on a web site. And they don’t always feel good.

As an engineer, you have to look at emotions and other people issues as just another set of skills for your toolbox. For example, no one likes system crashes, but engineers pride themselves on knowing what to do when one happens. We hone our debugging skills, taking pride in digging out information from hostile environments. We spend hours tracing through disassembly listings, scribbling register contents on scratch pads, dumping memory trying to understand what went wrong and finding a way to fix the problem.

So why are emotions so different? Knowing how to talk to another person about the way they are feeling, and what is getting in the way of the team working well together is just a form of debugging the team. Sure, the underlying techniques are very different, but the net result is the same: everything works better. Putting effort into learning those skills will pay off in the long run.

Advice for managers

Here’s some quick advice for managers on treating engineers like people.

What to do with a bad employee

If an employee is doing a bad job, do these things until the situation gets better:

If none of that works, then fire them. But really make sure you’ve done everything you can. I know this sounds like coddling, or bending over backward, and it is. If you think this sounds like a lot of work, remember what you went through to find, hire, and train that employee in the first place.

If you think that the employee should care more about his job, and you shouldn’t have to “hold their hand the whole way”, consider this: what would you be willing to do to keep a customer? Suppose you had only as many customers as you had employees. Suppose it were as difficult to find a customer as it is to find a good employee. How hard would you work to keep those customers? How hard would you try to do things differently if you lost one of those customers? Why do any less to keep the employee?

Of course, there are some employees that you are better off without. Some people truly can’t do useful work, or require more help doing their job than is warranted. It can take months to get through the helping process to determine that it really isn’t going to work out. Those months will be painful. But you need to go through them to be certain of the situation. Yes, it is difficult. But workers are people, and people are messy. They aren’t software you can debug and fix. If you are a manager, get used to it. Until someone develops a useful workerbot, you are stuck with actual humans as workers.

What to do with a good employee

If an employee or co-worker is doing a good job, do these things:

It couldn’t be simpler, yet engineers overlook these easy steps. They think the employee is just doing what employees are supposed to do (good work), so why make a big deal out of it. But remember: they are only people, so they need positive feedback. A simple thank you can go a long way.

Advice for workers

If you are a worker, and things are not going well, do these things until the situation gets better:

People are reluctant to share their troubles, and don’t want to exhibit any supposed weaknesses. Some may be afraid that admitting to a difficult home life will taint them forever as a difficult employee. Cultural differences can make discussing these topics even more difficult.

But as an employee, you need to be fully understood. If you end up losing a job because of a difficult home situation, you’ll change jobs, but you won’t change the home situation. You’ll still have the difficulties that started the problem, only you’ll have the stress of a new job on top of it.

So do everything you can to work with your manager to find a solution to the problem. We don’t want sound like whiners, we want to be able to handle all our problems ourselves. But we can’t always. We need to be able to express our frustrations, and find relief where we can.

During one of the most difficult times I had with my autistic son, I had the good fortune to work for a very understanding manager. I called in on Monday morning and told her I would not be coming in all week. She said OK. If I had tried to hold it all together myself, I don’t know what would have happened, but it would not have been pretty.

Of course, you could be in a work situation that isn’t worth it. Maybe you’re being asked to sacrifice all for a worthless cause, or are on a death march. Maybe your manager truly doesn’t care to hear the details, and expects you to behave like a workerbot. In that case, maybe you are better off looking for a new job. You’ll have to decide for yourself.

But don’t give up too early on having an open and honest discussion with your manager about what is really going on. Nothing good can come of keeping it all to yourself. We live in a professional culture that values stoicism and self-sufficiency. But it’s unrealistic to expect that everything can be perfectly compartmentalized.

In summary

Engineers are people. People are complex. Everyone has a full life outside of work. Everyone has feelings about the work they do, and the situation they find themselves in. Take care of yourself. Take care of each other, we’re all we’ve got.

See also


a .. have no words ... a very fine article. I can identify myself fully with this article, from both sides, as a manager and a normal employee. Really brilliant!!!

Seconded. An excellent article, discussing the key points which the hundreds of books for programmers tend to ignore completely.
I like this. Many years ago I took a manager training course given by Marv Franklin of SDC (at the time). He gave us an easy 5 step guidline for dealing with poor performance:

1. Help
2. Help
3. Warning
4. Serious Warning
5. Probation
Uh, no. Bad worker means bad boss. Boss should relieve himself of duty for failure to properly train, motivate, and lead his/her staff.
A great post. Suppressing emotion is an unspoken rule across many businesses and jobs. ( Thanks for drawing attention to how we're all better when we acknowledge we're human :-)
I really needed to see this today. Thanks.

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