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A good thing about autism
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Created 15 June 2003
There's a lot of bad things about autism. As The Autism Coalition put it in their powerful TV spots,
But here's one small good thing about autism: you can't just take the defaults. No matter what life situation you are in, if you have an autistic kid as part of it, you can't just sleep-walk through it.
We recently celebrated my autistic son's Bar Mitzvah. We had no temple to help us (they were "willing", but half-hearted at best), so we wrote the ceremony ourselves. We had a knowledgeable friend make up a cassette with Nat's part on it. We worked with the rabbi who married us to create the service. We chose parts to keep in, and parts to leave out. We chose a Torah portion that spoke to us. We wrote our own parents' blessing.
It was a great celebration, all the more so because we had created it ourselves out of whole cloth. If Nat had been a typical child, we could have made as personalized a ceremony for him, but would we have? There are many things competing for our attentions, and it would have been easy to follow the crowd at the temple, with the rabbi dictating the service, the torah portion chosen by the date, and so on.
Maybe I'm over-estimating the extent to which a typical Bar Mitzvah is created around you instead of by you. Maybe I would have jumped whole-heartedly into hand-crafting a ceremony for a typical child. I don't know.
What I do know is that raising an autistic child is a custom experience for every parent. There is no neighborhood school the child will go to as a matter of course, with a curriculum printed up by the town. There is no movie that opens on vacation week that he'll see because all the other kids are seeing it. There's no music group that he'll like because all of his friends like them. There's no camp he'll attend because the other moms in the neighborhood think it's a good place.
So every aspect of Nat's life is carefully orchestrated by us. His school was chosen from the dozen special programs we've visited over the years. His curriculum is decided by a team (including us) every year. Trips to restaurants have to be carefully gauged with regard to mood and menu. Weekend recreation tends to be odd hobbies like riding the T, or specially-staffed activities some distance away.
Hikers talk glowingly about taking the absolute minimum with them, and carrying it on their backs. Each possible item is carefully considered to decide whether its utility is worth its weight. Everything has to fit into the backpack and be carried. If it isn't useful, it isn't taken. Nat's life is like that: his backpack is extremely limited. There's only so much we are going to be able to pack into it for him, so each item has to count. Does he have to learn to do multiplication by hand? No, use a calculator. Does he have to learn how to define words? No, he needs to converse. Does he have to learn to tie his laces? Velcro to the rescue.
Not only Nat's life, but ours, and our other children's, need careful planning. I'm reluctant to work long hours at the office because our home life can be demanding, and my wife needs backup. Business trips are never extended with side trips. There are specialists to consult, doctor's appointments to attend. My wife deals with the typical doctors herself, but we always attend specialists' visits together.
It was either Socrates or Plato who said, "The unexamined life is not worth living". There's special meaning to events that have been carefully planned and thought through. In any life, there are hundreds of choices every day, and most of them have to be made by habit, or we'd never get anything done. Even most of the examined life is habit, by sheer necessity.
But for most people, the degree of examination is a matter of choice, a reflection of your interest in introspection and self-awareness. Most people can adjust their level of self-examination to balance the effort with the reward. With an autistic child, there is little room for laying back and letting things be. "Go with the flow" doesn't usually apply.
You hear stories all the time of people who've had near-death experiences (cancer, accidents, whatever), and how it made them stop and reconsider the choices they've made. How they've been woken up from their sleep-walking existence, and how they feel more alive than ever.
I'm not going to claim that having an autistic child is a wonderful, life-affirming experience, that every day is a new beginning, that it makes me feel more alive. On the whole, it is a wearying, grinding, frustrating experience. It means constantly re-evaluating possibilities, (usually) lowering expectations, and planning for the worst.
But it forces you to think hard about parenting. I think even the choices we make for our typical kids have been made more deliberately because of our experience with autism. What are the important things in raising a child? How important is it for them to be like others? What do we really need them to know by the time they reach 20? How can we make them more flexible, more empathic, stronger?
The autism has made life harder for our typical children. They have to put up with his difficulties just as we do. And that brings only more parenting choices. How much should the typicals bend to accommodate the atypical? How much must the atypical try to act normal? How much extra responsibility can we expect the other kids to bear because of the autism? Does it broaden them or burden them? These are all questions whose answers lie at the end of a long philosophical process of deciding what is important and what is not, what is serious and what is trivial, what is permanent and what is fleeting.
If Socrates had had an autistic child, I imagine he would have also said, "The fully-examined life is an exhausting pain in the ass". I would love to not have to carefully orchestrate every aspect of Nat's life. I would love for him to be able to walk outside and play with other kids on the street. I would love for him to be typical.
But he is not, and that will not change. So at least I can take pleasure in the care that we exercise in arranging his life, and ours around his.
Father's Day, 2003